One of the most exciting and fascinating types of fishing is catching flies – artificial baits simulating insects, crustaceans, and fry. Given its specificity, this occupation requires certain practical skills and knowledge of the behavioral characteristics of different species of fish. Also, you will need a special tackle and a set of unusual, at first glance, baits.
Fishing with flies is not a widespread type of fishing, but it has its own history and many fans. This bait was used in the XV century in England when fishing with fly fishing. But the Americans became very popular with this kind of catching. Today, catching flies is both a sport and art at the same time. Fishermen-athletes compete not only in the number of captured trophies but also in the ability to personally make this or that kind of flies that have the maximum resemblance to living organisms.
Selection of Flies
The advantage of flies in front of their living “analogs” is the convenience of use. This universal bait is suitable for fishing for non-predatory fish, as well as for a predator.
All flies are divided into several types:
- Dry (dry flies);
- Wet (wet flies);
Dry flies resemble dragonflies, podoken, flies, caddis flies, gadflies, wasps and other insects that have fallen on the water. They are made in such a way that they do not sink in water, and are designed to catch fish from its surface. On the water, they are kept with legs and a tail, connected from hard bird feathers. To make the dry ones lighter, the hooks for them are made of thin wire. Until recently, all dry flies were knitted in a fantasy style that did not require similarity to real insects. With the advent of new synthetic materials, they are increasingly manufactured in a super-realistic style, which provides for the maximum imitation of living organisms. Dry flies are considered universal and are great for catching asp, sticking, chub, red rind, roach.
Wet flies are baits similar to drowned insects, small crustaceans, water beetles, leeches, tadpoles, as well as larvae of insects developing in water. From dry flies they are distinguished by a very thin body, wings bent towards bending the hook, the presence of legs and tail. Wet flies knit on a thicker hook. This type of bait has proved to be good for fly fishing grayling, salmon, asp, but recently fishermen often use nymphs.
Nymphs are designed to simulate various insects at different stages of their underwater development from the larva to the pupa, which are part of the natural diet of grayling and trout. Because of this, almost all the recent competitions in the sports fishing for these fish have won thanks to the nymphs. They are made in fantasy as well as in realistic style. The basic requirements for such a bait are a clear imitation of the insect’s color for a particular pond, the exact size and segmentation of the body, and also a hook with a lead wire load.
Streamers are similar to fry and are designed to catch a large predator. This is the heaviest variety of flies. The streamer hook is additionally equipped with tungsten or steel, which, with proper wiring, makes the lure look like a wounded fish.
Emergers are a kind of nymphs that imitate an insect at the stage of metamorphosis (between a pupa and an adult form). Grayling responds to such a bait, especially in the time of the release of the podoken. Self-knitting emmerzherov turned into a whole trend in making flies. There are even specialized clubs that unite craftsmen in this business.
Fantasy flies are baits that do not have prototypes in nature. Their size, color, and shape can be anything. They are divided into several types, depending on the type of fish that it is supposed to catch:
- Ferruginous and others;
There is also a type of flies, such as frame or decorative. They are knit from expensive and exotic materials. Such flies are not used for fishing but serve only as an exhibit at various collectible exhibitions and competitions of knitters.
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